Sika Deer

Head and body length: 128 cm
Shoulder height: 64-77 cm
Tail length: 9-12 cm

A small, short-legged deer with a crouched build, the Visayan spotted deer is easily recognized by its namesake spots. The overall coat color is a very dark brown (sometimes with reddish highlights), but the sides are covered with a smattering of white or buff spots. These spots are largest over the hips and grow smaller and fainter towards the shoulders (at which point the coat becomes solid brown in color). The undersides and inside surfaces of the legs are white, as is the underside of the short tail. The head of the  spotted deer is rather pointed. The head is usually paler than the body, although the forehead and muzzle are usually dark. Males grow short antlers (around 25 cm long) with three tines on each.



Sika deer are usually active at night, when they emerge from the forest to feed in clearings. They are very shy and retreat to dense forest when disturbed. Males will “roar” to challenge rival males (and possibly attract females); this sounds rather like the bark of a dog when heard from far away.


Sika deer inhabit the south of Primorye, the middle belt of the European part of Russia and the Caucasus.

Methods of hunting permitted for use:

  • stalking,
  • using wheel transport,
  • ambush hunting, corralling,
  • overtaking,
  • using hunting dogs.

Permitted mining tools:

Hunting firearm with a rifled barrel of caliber not less than 7 mm (but not more than 12 mm) and a seating distance of at least 51 mm; hunting fire smooth-bore long-barreled arms, including threaded length no more than 140 mm and the use of bullet cartridges; hunting firearm combined weapons (smooth-bore and rifted gun), including with rebarreling and auxiliary rifled barrels; cold bladed hunting weapon.