Hunting safety regulations and hunting weapon handling requirements
Current rules are developed to prevent accidents, ensure hunting safety and hunting weapon handling security.
Hunting weapons must be kept by a hunter in conditions that preclude other persons from accessing it.
Hunting weapons must be kept in good order, kept unloaded, in disassembled form.
Loaded weapons-bearing and shooting are allowed only at a distance that ensures the safety of people and pets.
Zeroing a hunting weapon is carried out in places specially designated for this purpose, or in places with natural fencing (ravines, ditches, etc.) in accordance with the established procedure.
It is not allowed to hunt with the use of a defective weapon.
Hunter must handle a weapon in a way that it is always loaded and ready to fire. It is forbidden to point a weapon at a person or pets, even if it is not loaded.
Hunter must keep a weapon in a way that gun barrel is always directed away from people, pets or buildings. While loading or unloading a gun barrel should be directed upwards or to the ground, turning away from other hunters.
It is forbidden to pass a weapon to another hunter not having examined and unloaded it previously. Reversing a weapon a hunter must make sure that it is unloaded.
It is forbidden to cock the hammer with no need for an immediate shot. And keep a hammerless weapon with an open safety lock.
Weapons must be kept in cases and disassembled while transportation in all types of transport. In case of short removal within hunting farms. As well as transportation by boat along a water reservoir during hunting and following to huts and sittings. It is allowed to keep a weapon assembled, but necessarily unloaded. And directed barrels up or away from nearby people.
Weapons must be unloaded during hunting while crossing various obstacles. Such as ditches, raddles, windfalls, crossing over boardwalk through rivers and streams.
To avoid a shot directed at yourself. It is forbidden to pull an assembled weapon by a barrel being on a boat, a cart, a sleigh or in a car.
Approaching a settlement, a camp. An assembly point or a car, a weapon must be unloaded.
Executing a halt a weapon should be hung on a reliable prop higher than a human scale. A strong tree twig, previously having unloaded a weapon and making sure that a tree twig or another prop is enough strong.
It is forbidden to shoot at a flying bird below 2.5 meters in thickets, bushes and enclosed areas.
It is forbidden to shoot at “noise”, “rustle”, on an unclearly visible target, in a fog, in heavy snow, at dusk, against the sun and under other conditions of poor visibility.
Making a shot, the hunter must take into account that people can be in the hunting ground.
In case of group hunting in rough terrain, in forest, reeds, thickets, a hunter must be especially careful making a shot, strictly follow the taken direction, and constantly maintain auditory and visual connection with other hunters.
While shooting, especially with smokeless powder, in case of a misfire, a gun can be opened no earlier than 3-5 seconds, since a powder ignites slowly from a primer and there is a risk of a hangfire with an opened gun.
In case of dropping a gun or falling with a gun hunter must immediately unload a weapon and make sure that ground, snow, leaves, grass haven’t got inside a barrel. In case of ground and snow having got inside a barrel, it is necessary to clean it immediately.
After each shot, it is necessary to check if there are any remains of patching, shim, parts of a separated case inside a barrel.
It is forbidden to finish off an injured animal with a rifle butt, since on impact of a rifle butt hitting a ground, a shot directed at a hunter may occur.
It is forbidden to use force laying a cartridge in a barrel chamber. In case of a cartridge doesn’t get in a barrel chamber (dampen, uncalibrated, swelled case), it should be carefully removed from the chamber and replaced with another.
If a gun does not close due to a poorly placed igniting primer in a chamber of a cartridge case, then such a cartridge should be replaced immediately with another.
If a loaded cartridge is not pushed out of a chamber by the extractor, it is necessary to close a gun and fire a shot.
In the case of opening a gun when a head of a shell has slipped through the extractor and a cartridge itself is left in a chamber, it is necessary to separate a barrel from a gun shoe, unscrew the extractor screw, remove or push out a cartridge with a cut rod, ramrod or hand extractor.
In the case of a transverse rupture of a cardboard shell, part of which remains in a barrel bore, further firing from such barrel is not allowed. A stuck part of the shell must be extracted with an extractor.
It is not allowed to shoot simultaneously from two barrels of double-barrel weapon. To avoid double shot and injury of fingers, it is forbidden to put two fingers simultaneously in a bracket on a trigger.
It is forbidden to shoot from a boat through rowers or other hunters on a boat. It is not allowed to shoot standing up on an unsteady boat, and also in the direction across the side of a boat.
While shooting standing, even from a steady boat, it is forbidden to shoot at game that has flown across the sides or from behind, because due to recoil it is possible to fall into a boat or overboard, holding a gun ready to be shot from the second barrel.
While changing rowers or shooters, as well as any transitions of hunters in a boat, rifles are unloaded. Walking on a boat is done without weapons. When removal is completed, hunter is handed over an unloaded rifle.
When going by boat to hunting grounds, hunters’ guns must be unloaded; in order to avoid their slipping and falling, weapons are laid at the bow or stern of a boat with the direction of the barrels away from people on a boat.
During collective hunting, each hunter must know the special conditions of this hunt, depending on the objects and methods of hunting, land form and strictly follow the weapon handling requirements and collective hunting safety regulations.
It is forbidden to drink alcohol before hunting and during hunting. Persons who are drunk are not allowed to participate in hunting.
Stalking safety regulations
Stalking is a collective hunting with the use of corralling wild animals to an ambush of shooters (the shooter line).
A precondition for safety during stalking is a clear knowledge of safety regulations. Strict observance of discipline and unquestioning compliance by all hunters with the orders of a jaeger (hunter’s guide), a head of a hunt or a head of a team.
Hunters who do not have hunting licenses. As well as with defective weapons and poor-quality cartridges are not allowed participating in stalking.
The participants of stalking choose a head of a team, who may be the most experienced hunter. Knows stalking type of hunting and all participants of the activity.
All participants of the hunt must inviolately meet the requirements and instructions of a head of a team in relation to discipline, organization and conduct of hunting, recreation and fulfillment of safety requirements for the entire period of this hunt.
A head of a team monitors the exact implementation of the order and hunting regulations, discipline on a route, on a base, in camps and on hunting by all team members.
A head of a team along with a head of hunt before the start of a hunt should:
– bring to the attention of hunters the characteristic features of this hunt, an area of a corral, a rifle line, land features, encirclement and wild animal shooting;
– check the availability of hunting licenses and firearm permits from all hunters;
– conduct in conjunction with a head of a hunt instruction and selection of blanchers, prescribe the procedure for lining shooters up and drawing lots for numbered pegs;
– check the technical condition of weapons of participants in a hunt;
– exercise control over the strict implementation of stalking rules for hunting participants and safety regulations;
– decide on other issues arising in the process of hunting.
A head of a team, on the instructions of a head of a hunt, can number hunters. Point shooters at fire areas and remove shooters from numbered pegs after stalking.
A head of a team along with a head of a hunt establishes and explains necessary signals to participants in a hunt. As well as other conditions and requirements of a hunt.
Decisions of a head of a team are mandatory for hunters. If they do not contradict current rules and hunting regulations of a hunting sector.
Hunters are forbidden to leave the assembly site. To produce any other hunting, to shoot without the permission of a head of a hunt.
Encirclement of an animal, corral location, rifle line. Number pegs are established by a head of a hunt along with a head of a team.
Driving animals to position of shooters is made by jaegers. In case of jaeger scarcity, blanchers can be appointed among participants of a hunting team by a head of a team. In this case, hunters are instructed on the observance of drive hunting.
Blanchers get into encirclement by jaegers or a person who replaces them. Who knows well the place of hunting, location of encirclement and a rifle line.
Shooting animal in encirclement is prohibited.
If an animal is stopped by dogs, only jaegers and other experienced hunters, as a rule, an owner of a dog, can approach it for shooting by permission of a head of a hunt.
Both jaeger and hunter should approach an animal carefully from only one side, being extremely careful at the moment of shooting, because dogs are in close vicinity to animal. Shooting can be done only in the direction opposite to the line of the shooters. The rest of the hunters should remain strictly in their places and be ready to make an aimed shot at appeared animal.
Shooting at an animal, which is driven by dogs, should be carried out with extreme caution in order to avoid injuring dogs.
Hunters are placed on numbered pegs of a rifle line by heads of a hunt, a jaeger, or a head of a team in agreement with them.
A guard is set up along the edges (on the flanks) of a rifle line, if it is necessary to prevent breaking of unauthorized people and pets into encirclement and rifle line.
Rifle line must be possibly lined and be well marked on the ground (clearing, road, forest edge, forest boundary, etc.).
Number pegs must be placed one from another at a distance determined by a head of a hunt along with a head of a team, depending on a type of an animal on which hunting takes place, an area, usual types of weapons and cartridges used in current type of hunting.
A head of a hunt or a head of a team placing hunters on numbers pegs must show hunters a location of near-by number pegs and direction of corralling.
Each hunter, standing on a number peg, must know exactly a location of near-by number pegs and an entire rifle line. To do this, near-by hunters, must show each other places where they stand before disguising themselves on numbers pegs.
It is forbidden to change number pegs, choose places oneself and get off number pegs until the end of drive hunting, except for the case when immediate assistance is required.
A head of a hunt or a head of a team, a jaeger, placing hunters on number pegs. Must indicate to them the direction of shooting and sector of fire both inside encirclement. And back behind a rifle line in case of a break of an animal through a rifle line.
Boundaries of sector of fire should be well marked by visible trees or other local objects. And make an angle of at least 45 degrees with a rifle line.
Hunters placed in a bend of a rifle line are indicated more limited sectors. And a safe direction of shooting with clearly visible landmarks or a sector of fire outside encirclement (behind a line of shooters) and then shooting is allowed only after an animal has left a line of shooters.
A hunter placed on a number peg must observe absolute silence. Do not move, do not smoke, be extremely attentive and carefully review an area and ones sector of fire in the direction of projected place of emergence of an animal and shot from the beginning to the end of corralling.
Being placed on a number peg, a hunter must load a rifle, carefully inspect and study ones sector of fire, outline landmarks, determine distances and possible places of emergence of an animal in the sector where shooting is possible, and also inspect an area behind a rifle line to determine places and possibility of firing at an outgoing animal.
Hunters should not make noise, talk, or get off a number peg before the signal of the end of corralling (“all-clear”) even if blanchers came out to them.
A signal about the end of corralling (“all-clear”) is given by a head of a team or a head of a hunt and transmitted along the chain of shooters. The signal can be fed into a hunting horn, in a voice, with a use of a rifle.
The hunter is allowed to get off a number peg only after a signal about the end of corralling.
After a signal about the end of corralling (“all-clear”), shooting is prohibited.
Shooting during stalking is made inside encirclement, or on the way of an animal to a rifle line. In case of an animal breaking through a rifle line or blanchers approaching towards a rifle line closer than 150 meters. Shooting is only done backwards after an animal has left a rifle line.
It is prohibited to shoot along a rifle line and outside of one’s sector. A shell or a part of a shell. Which is fired at a distance of closer than 15 meters from near-by number peg, is considered to be a shot on a rifle line.
Approaching a rifle line, blanchers should give a voice more often and louder. And stop at the shots on a rifle line. Increasing a voice and possibly taking cover behind trunks of thick trees if the shots are close to corral.
Shooting during stalking is permitted only at an animal. Which is an object of hunting. Other shooting is prohibited, except for shooting wolf, without special instructions from a head of a hunt.
Hunting ungulates, their extraction should be produced in accordance with available permits.
If a hunter see after shooting that an animal has fallen and hasn’t got up or is seriously injured. And a hunting crew has only one permission to shoot this kind of animal. A hunter or a blancher should loudly sound a voice – “Ready!” This signal is immediately transmitted by other hunters and blanchers along the entire line of shooters. At the same time, the signal “Ready!” means the end of hunting (“clear-off”) and cease-fire.
If hunting is carried out simultaneously for several types of animals. A hunter in the process of shooting an animal must give a signal “Ready!” adding a name of animal species, for example, “Moose is ready!”. In this case, it is allowed to continue hunting. But it is allowed to shoot only those types of animals, on which hunters have permission.
Stalking elks, deer, wild boars and bears, shooting of smooth-bore weapons is carried out. With the use of bullets at a distance of the correct shot within 50 meters. And of rifled weapons within a distance of a direct shot, set for a particular type of weapons and ammunition.
Buck shooting during stalking can be carried out at wolves, lynxes, roe deer and in some cases wild boar.
Shooting with the use of round ball during stalking is prohibited.
It is forbidden to get off a number peg, rush to a fallen. Killed, injured or running away animal until the end of corralling and the signal “all-clear!”.
A pursuit of an injured animal is allowed only after the end of stalking. With the permission of a head of a hunt. A head of a hunt along with a head of a team prescribe the procedure of pursuing an injured animal.
A hunter is allowed to load weapons during stalking only standing on a number peg. Getting off a number peg, a hunter must unload a rifle.
Shooting an animal running to a near-by number peg is not allowed. It is permitted to shoot an animal leaving an adjacent number peg behind a rifle line.
It is forbidden to shoot an animal that has fallen from a shot of another hunter. If it is clear that the animal can’t get up.
It is necessary to approach a fallen animal, which even lies without movement. With a rifle ready to fire, as often an animal, seeming dead. Is still alive and has enough strength to rush to a hunter approaching it.
Approaching an animal, it is necessary to monitor the position of its ears and wool cover on the nape. If ears of an animal are laid back, and wool on the nape is raised. The animal is still alive and dangerous. Finding this, it is necessary to finish it not approaching the animal close.
Hunters who committed a violation of these rules are denied the right to continue their participation in the hunt.
In the event that the violation of these rules has caused injury to the health. Of the hunting participants or other people. As well as causing material damage to citizens or hunting farms. The guilty persons held responsibility in accordance with the current legislation of the Russian Federation.
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