epublic of Bashkortostan (so-called Bashkiria) is one of the largest subjects of the Russian Federation, located on the territory of the Southern Urals and the Urals, historically bearing the name of the indigenous people – Bashkirs. This administrative unit is the easternmost region of the Volga Federal District. It borders on Udmurtia, Tatarstan, Perm krai and Orenburg region, as well as with the subjects of the Ural Federal District. Bashkortostan is called “the edge of the rising sun” (in fact the sun always appears from the southern Ural mountains). The territory of the republic is 143.6 thousand square km. The population is 4 million people.