Tyumen region – is a federal subject of Russia, located in the north-west of Siberia. The composition of the region in the north includes the territories of the Kara Sea islands. From the west, the territory is limited to the ranges of the Subpolar, Northern, Polar Urals.
There are almost 25,000 full-flowing rivers, about 500,000 lakes, of which more than 70,000 are classified as middle and large. One and a half dozen of them occupy more than 100 km 2. They are mainly located on the lands of autonomous regions. Two large water reservoirs – the Chernoye Lake and the Bolshoy Uvat lie closer to the south.
FISHING IN TYUMEN REGION
The reservoirs of the region are so much rich in fish that the Ob-Irtysh basin is considered to be one of the main fisheries in the country. The stocks of muksun, peled, nelma and broad whitefish are the source for breeding these species in the reservoirs of other regions. About 12 thousand rivers and 18 thousand lakes of Tyumen region are of fish-bearing importance. In total, four dozen species of fish are registered in the region. You can find sterlet, sturgeon, muxun, vendace, nelma, pike, bream, common and crucian carps, ide, sander, perch, burbot in the river Irtysh solely.
Sterlet up to 6 kilograms is found in the Ob, the Northern Sosva and the Irtysh, and goes for spawning to Nizhnevartovsk to floodplain of the Ob River. Nelma weighing from 4 to 10 kilograms can be found all year round in the upper North Sosva and Ob, and in the case of winter frosts, it leaves for the Irtysh. Trophy specimens of Nelma can reach 60 kilograms, but its catch may be prohibited or restricted.
Fishing in Tyumen region for whitefish (coregonus) is carried out on muxun and tugun. Muksun lives in the Ob, sometimes swims in the waters of the Northern Sosva, rich in tugun – a shallow but very tasty whitefish. Quite a good fishing is possible on the river Tura, where you can catch sterlet, burbot, sander, pike, rutilus, roach, ide, bream, minnow and small things like sticker and ruff. Two islands are suitable for productive fishing in the vicinity of the village of Salairka. People go to Bolshoy Uvat for pike, carp, perch, roach, gudgeon, crucian carp and chebak.
Excellent catch awaits in small oxbow lakes near the village of Sozonovo and Lukashino, on the lakes Terenkul, Lipchinskoye, Noskinbash, Kuchak, Krivoye, Anreevskoe, Bolshoy Naryk, Yantik, Sredneye Lake in the Upper Tavda region. Attractive and small rivers of Tyumen region are Quiet, Kalcha, Iska, Prorva.
HUNTING IN TYUMEN REGION
The animal world of the region is rich and diverse. In the forests and tundra you can meet with reindeer, hares, squirrels, lemmings, chipmunks, brown bears, sables, wolverines, Siberian weasals, foxes, arctic foxes, roe deer, moose and wolves.
Hunters can freely stay in public lands or in land leased by private or legal entities – with their permission. Anchored lands extend to 112 million hectares solely. The main hunting objects are white hares, roe deer, wild boars, bears, feathered wildfowl. Also hunters have an opportunity to hunt for hazel, black and common grouses, and in summer – geese and ducks.
The number of animals is now optimized, and their shooting or capturing by quota allows to maintain an optimum amount of species. Most often quotas are so large that they are not fully selected and allow hunting to be considered not only as an amateur occupation. Also as a branch of meat and fur production. In addition, hunting in Tyumen region is reinforced by artificial breeding both in hunting grounds and in farms with subsequent release of birds and animals into the natural environment. Artificially maintained species include birds and ungulates.
Terms and acceptable methods of hunting in Tyumen region are determined by the decree of the governor. Elk (except females with cubs for up to a year) can be hunted in September, November, December. And the first half of January with the use of horse-riding. Still and ambush hunting approaches, corralling, dogs and duck calls.
Wild boar (except for females with a litter of up to a year) can be hunted from November to the end of February in the same ways except for the use of a duck call. You are allowed to hunt roe deer for 5 days in late August and 20 – in early September, and also from October to the end of the year in the same ways.
Wolves can be hunted from the middle of September to the end of February using stalking, corralling, lair hunting, horse-riding, duck calls, traps, dogs, trappings, hunting birds, vehicles and aircraft.
Hare and foxes are hunted from the middle of September to the end of February; on geese, drake, male grouse, black grouse and woodcock – in the first ten days of May; in the autumn-summer period hunting game in Tyumen region begins on the third Saturday of August and lasts until November 10th.
TOURISM IN TYUMEN REGION
The nature of the region is diverse and picturesque. It generously bestows on mushroom pickers, fishermen and hunters. Provides a variety of opportunities for fans of beach rest, unique landscapes, sports entertainment. Tyumen region has a huge natural health potential. The tourist infrastructure of countryside recreation in the region is rather widely developed. Continues to increase due to the expansion of the network of accommodation facilities.
Forests are full of mushrooms and berries, and the southern tundra allows you to harvest blueberries. Bilberries, lingonberries and mushrooms on an industrial scale. In summer The shores of Lipovy Lake, Andreevsky. Borovoe and Lesnoye Pond lakes become desirable places for swimming. Walking in pine forest, fishing, quiet hunting for mushrooms, and berries in summer. The most developed recreational infrastructure is on Lake the Andreevskoe.
The regional Red Data Book includes more than seven hundred species of rare plants and animals. To preserve the landscape diversity, fauna and flora in the region, natural territories are protected on the grounds of two federal sanctuaries. The state botanical garden, and four wetlands. There are 95 specially protected areas in the south of the region solely, 36 of which are wildlife sanctuaries, and 58 are natural monuments. “Belozersky” – one of the reserves of the federal importance, is located in Armizonsky, and the other, “Tyumen”, – in Nizhnetavdinsky district.
The region, despite its harsh climate, is a popular holiday destination. Where you can find all conditions for the development of the main types of tourism. Including health-improving, pilgrimage, cultural, ecological, ethnographic, sporting, fishing, hunting, extreme.
The cognitive aspects of rest are connected with the history of the region – the homeland of the chemist Mendeleyev, the imperial favorite Rasputin. The development of the culture of the region was heavy influenced by 36 exiled Decembrists. Among whom were: Annensky, Baryatinsky, Fonvizin, Pushchin, Muraviev-Apostol and Yakushkin.
They organized schools for women and children of all social classes, contributed to the spiritual development of the region. Later, the inhabitants of Tobolsk ostrog were Radishchev, Petrashevsky and Dostoevsky. After the revolution, the family of the last Russian emperor was kept under arrest in Tobolsk.
Vacation in Tyumen region is difficult to imagine without visiting the museums of the Decembrists in Yalutorovsk. Museums of Grigory Rasputin – in Pokrovsky, of architecture and history – in Tobolsk. Local history museum in Tyumen. Totally, there are 87 museums of various directions in the region.
Those who are interested in ancient history can get acquainted with many hillforts and settlements. The majority of tourists aspire to the Ingal valley. Where about 600 artifacts of the ancient Aryan and Ugric civilizations are found. The age of jewelry made of gold and silver totals more than eight thousand years. And some of the most skillfully executed ones are exhibited in the Hermitage.