The republic of Tyva is located in southeastern Siberia, in the region recognized as the geographical center of Asia. Until 1993 it was called Tuva. This pronunciation still exists among the Russian-speaking and is allowed almost on an equal footing with a new name. Hunting and fisging in the Republic of Tyva
Hidden among mountains, the republic keeps its secrets, riches and originality. Tuvans do not just keep sacred traditions, but organically live in the unchanged environment down the centuries. Yurts here exist on an equal footing with modern buildings, modern music – with throat singing, Buddhist temples – with places of shamanic rituals and settlements of Orthodox Old Believers.
In Tuva, from the high-mountain Kara-Balyk Lake, the Yenisei arises – the most full-flowing river in the Eastern Siberia, one of the greatest in Russia. It rushes through the rapids and cataracts to the capital of the region – the city of Kyzyl. Tuva adjoins five subjects of the Russian Federation, among which the republics of Buryatia, Altai, Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk krai, Irkutsk region and the Mongolian Republic. Tyva occupies more than 168 thousand km² and is inhabited by a little more than three hundred thousand inhabitants.
FISHING IN TUVA REPUBLIC
The reservoirs of Tuva amaze the imagination with the abundance of fish, the purity of water, virgin nature and, often, inaccessibility, which in many ways explains the large number of fish. But fish abundance has one more reason: nomadic Tuvans never actively used fish for food, and therefore fish bred practically without any obstacles from the side of man.
Fishing thrives on the rivers, lakes of Tuva and the Sayano-Shushenskoye reservoir. The ichthyofauna of these places has about thirty subspecies and species. Most of the rivers are given the highest category among fishing facilities. Fishing in the Republic of Tyva is provided by specialized travel agencies that organize trip to hard-to-reach water reservoirs.
The Yenisei is known as a grayling habitat. In addition to it, there are top-quality lenok and taimen in the Yenisei and the rivers of its basin; in its bays and surrounding lakes and the Sayano-Shushenskoye reservoir, you can catch perch, whitefish, pike, bream, ide and roach; in the lakes there are also peled, burbot, and dace. Cisco and white fish spawn and live in large rivers, and in shallow branches there are taimen and trophy grayling.
Fishermen go for taimen, lenok and grayling to the lake Ham-Syr, Kizhi-Khem, Neoyon-Khol, Bolshoy or Malyi Yenisei, Ulug-O, Kyzyl-Khem and other rivers of the Republic of Tyva.
On the lake Ak-Attig-Khol, in addition to the listed fish, you can catch a pike or a whitefish. Burbot and perch are added to catches on the lake Choigan-Holly or the river Sorug. On the high-mountainous Chaghitae, pike, peled, bream, ide and carp are taken. The lake Ubsu-Nur is famous for the Altaian osman, which can only be found in the reservoirs of the Ubsunur basin in the whole world.
In most water bodies, it is prohibited to fish from the beginning of May to the 10th of June. It is forbidden to catch Siberian sturgeon and sterlet.
HUNTING IN TUVA REPUBLIC
In Tuva, there are many animals and birds that are representatives of various natural areas. Here a camel can meet with a reindeer or a snow leopard. There are more than 70 different species of mammals and over 230 birds in Tuva. Foxes and wolves live in the steppes. Mountain taiga is home to sables, marals, weasels, wolverines, bears, ermines and other animals. Rocks hide goats, sarliks, partridges. The territory of Tuva is inhabited by muskrats, Barguzin sables, minks, raccoon dogs and squirrels.
More than fifteen million hectares of hunting grounds have been assigned to Tuva hunting users, though hunting is practiced almost everywhere. Hunting in hard-to-reach places is organized by specialized firms that help with transporting, provide with licenses, provisions and overnight accommodation. For example, on Balyktyg you can take an ibex, a bear, a maral, an elk, a wolverine, a wild boar, a lynx, a sable and smaller animals. In the Todzhinsky hollow, you can hunt for fur-bearing, ungulate animals, black grouses, hazel grouses, wood grouses of waterfowl.
Hunting in the Republic of Tyva for brown bears takes place in May and from mid-August to the end of February; for moose – from August 20 to October 10 and from October 20 to mid-January; marals can be taken from the 10th of September for a month and during the second period, the same as for moose. The boars are allowed to be hunted in three terms: all June, August and 20 days in September, from October 20 to mid-January. Roe deer can be taken from the third decade of August to the first – October; musk deer and roe deer, as well – from October 20 to mid-January.
The squirrel and sable are hunted with dogs from the third decade of October to the end of the year. Feathered (capercaillie, black grouse) can be taken in the last decade of April and the first – May. Hunting for waterfowl game is allowed from the last Saturday of August and before the migration period.