Part of Siberia, located in the east and southeast of Baikal, is commonly called Transbaikal (Zabaykalsky krai). On this vast territory, which stretches for a thousand kilometers in the east and as much in a southern direction from the lake, there is a part of Irkutsk region, almost the whole of Buryatia, and, to the east of it, Transbaikal krai. It occupies more than 430 thousand km² and is inhabited by almost one million two hundred thousand people. As a subject of the federation, the region was created after the 2007 referendum on the entry of the Aginskiy-Buryat AO into Chita region. Transbaikal krai is surrounded by the territories of two regions (Amur, Irkutsk), two republics (Yakutia, Buryatia) and two countries (China, Mongolia).
FISHING IN TRANSBAIKAL KRAI
The region can be proud of the purity of its water reservoirs, their beauty and diversity. They differ in the composition of water, depth, the presence of vegetation and living fish. Small, medium and large rivers flow through the territory. There are more than twenty kinds of fish in these reservoirs.
The rivers of Transbaikal krai are full of lenok, taimen, grayling, pike, perch and roach. Local people prefer to catch with spinning or fly fishing tackle. Amur beluga, keta, large sturgeon come to the river Shilka – the most popular among fishermen. They also willingly catch fish on the rivers Nercha, Menza, Ingoda, Ungo and etc.
The most coveted prey for a fisherman is taimen, which is caught with the use of large spoon-bait or lure, which imitates a mouse. Taimen bites better in autumn. Catching taimen is of great sporting interest because of the strength and agility of this fish, which can reach several tens of kilograms by weight, but it is not allowed to be caught on grounds of commercial fishing importance.
Fishing for grayling is also popular, it can be taken with the use of spinning, flyfishing, dry fly or squid. In spring and autumn, when the fish rises to the headwaters of rivers or slides down, biting is especially active. Ice fishing for grayling, dace, perch, burbot or pike takes place on the rivers that do not freeze to the bottom.
Fishing in Transbaikal krai on interconnected lakes gives a guaranteed catch. On the Ivano-Arakhley lakes you can always catch a pike, perch, tin and carp. In the clean, deep-sea lake of Nichatka there are also bullhead, burbot, taimen, whitefish, Frolikh char and grayling. Doroninskoe is rich in loach, rudd, crucian carp and catfish. In Araya there is amur, predatory carp, ahua, rotan, silver carp, kaluga, mudfish and yellowcheek. Tens of thousands of fishermen come to the lakes of Shaksha, Ivan and Tasei.
The most exciting fishing is waiting on the inaccessible lakes of Transbaikal krai, you can get there by purchasing specialized fishing tours. There are spawning bans on spring fishing in the Borzya River, the lakes Davatchan, Bolshaya Namarakit, Leprindokan. The terms of spawning bans vary depending on the species of fish and pond. It is forbidden to catch sturgeon, char, nelma, round fish, that are listed in the Red Book of Russia. There are restrictions on the size of fishing nets and the minimum fish size allowed for taking.
HUNTING IN TRANSBAIKAL KRAI
The fauna of the region is extremely diverse. There are 80 species of mammals, and 500 of vertebrates in general. In the forests of the region you can find muskrat, American mink and brown hare. The species composition of the animal world is still specified. Populations of big horn, gazelle, manul, otter, tarbagan, myospalax and other rare animals are poorly studied. Some of them are listed in the Red Books of various levels.
Hunting licenses are issued for hunting users within the boundaries of assigned lands, and in the public areas – by representatives of the regional State Hunting Service of the region.
Hunting in Transbaikal krai is conducted on deer, bears, roe deer, moose, wild boar, sable, fox, wolf, musk deer, wolverine, columns, lynx, hares and squirrels, feathered game. Specialized firms equip baits, hides, solonetzes and other hunting places, provide hunters with means of transportation from snowmobiles and horses to helicopters, prepare a package of permits, provide lodging on the route, rent equipment, provide jager escort.
The start of the hunting season is determined by the decree of the regional government. Artiodactyls can be shot roughly in the following periods: moose – after August 20 to mid-January; red deer – from early September to mid-January and a month and a half since the beginning of summer; roe deer – from August 25 to mid-January; wapiti – from the middle of August to the end of the year; musk deer – in November and December; wild boars – from the beginning of summer to the end of February.
Among predators it is possible to hunt for wolves at any time; for wolverines, lynx – from the middle of October to the end of February; you can start hunting for foxes a month earlier and finish by the end of February. At the same time, hunting for hares and squirrels is allowed in Transbaikal krai.
The hunting season for feathered game opens in the second half of August, depending on the timing of the formation of adult specimen and lasts through the end of October for the marsh-meadow and waterfowl; at the end of the year – for the steppe and field; to the end of February – for upland fowl.
Hunting in the Transbaikal Territory is conducted with corralling, stalking, the use of moving chains and gundogs. Drains are hunted with baggies, ducks – on the fly, grouse – with duck calls, wood grouses or black grouses – during mating call. Moose, red deer and roe deer are corralled, boars are taken on the oat field, stalked with the help of dogs or shot from the towers, equipped at feeding stations or stern fields.