Sakha Republic, so-called historically Yakutia, is located in the northeast of Siberia. Although both these names are used together. The land of 3 million 103.2 thousand km² on which 5 France or 12 Great Britain could fit, is officially called the Republic of Sakha since 1991.
The Laptev Sea and the East Siberian Sea wash the northern part of the republic. On the other sides, Yakutia is confined to Chukotka Autonomous District, Magadan, Amur and Irkutsk regions, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk and Transbaikal krais. Almost 40% of the republic is located in the Arctic Circle.
The weather conditions of Yakutia are the most severe not only in Russia, but also among the countries of the northern hemisphere. On the way north taiga is replaced by tundra and forest tundra. About 47% of the territory is covered with forests.
FISHING IN SAKHA REPUBLIC
Fishing in Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is complicated not so much by the harsh climate as by the lack of specialized bases for fishermen. They live in guest huts, scattered somewhere along the rivers, or in tents. But the opportunity to enjoy a rich catch makes fishermen overcome all difficulties.
Herring, four-horned sculpin, cod, flounder, polar cod and several other species of fish can be found in cold Yakut seas, but there is practically no fishing there. Therefore in the inland waters, the ichthyofauna is represented by 50 species belonging to 18 families.
The rivers and lakes of Yakutia are not only picturesque, but still pristine, clean and full of fish. Fishery has always been an original field of indigenous people. They usually fish with the use of rafts, catamarans, boats with and without motors, during river cruises and river rafting.
The favorite trophy of fishermen in the region is a predator taimen, which can reach 80 kilograms, but more often does not exceed 35. Lenok, a representative of the same family, can weigh up to 7 kilograms, and grayling – up to 3. Local fishermen consider a pike a weedy fish and throw it in water, so the rivers and lakes are full of pike, and some units reach one and a half meters in length and 35 kilograms by weight. Taimen is usually spooned or caught on a mouse.
The river Lena is generous for huge pike, taimen, nelma, muxun, broad whitefish, sturgeon, lenok. Fishing in Yakutia brings amazing catches on the rivers Vilyui, Aldan, Indigirka, Kolyma, Yana, Olekma, Dzhordzhdan, Olenka, Besyuk, Saganja, on the mountain rivers: Udlyulung, Dyanyshka, Belyanka, Menker, Siktyakh, Lepiska. Lenok and grayling are caught in the Olokma.
Aldan is one of the most popular places for fishing. its upper reaches are the inhabitancy of taimen, whitefish, pike, grayling, dace, minnow, perch, ruff, burbot, Siberian loach. As you descend along Aldan, sturgeon, lamprey, vendace, tugun, roach and nelma are added to the catch.
It is believed that it is best to fish in late summer – early autumn, when there are less mosquitoes, and fish is maximally active. Tourists are thrown by helicopters on the most fishy rivers of Yakutia.
On many rivers of the Sakha Republic during sport fishing trophy specimens are released back into the water. The Vilyui reservoir is famous for its unforgettable impressions and the royal catch, where peled, burbot, pike, perch, Siberian roach, whitefish are caught in abundance. On the Vilyui River near the village of Suldyukar, an unusual night fishing on tugun is carried out with the use of casting nets in specially designated areas.
Fishing in the numerous lakes of Yakutia is not less adventurous and productive. Lake Nejli, located 250 kilometers from Yakutsk, is famous for ice fishing on a huge carp.
Hard-to-get lakes of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) Lybalakh and Inderkey are known for spring ice fishing. On the high-mountain lake Inderkei, located in the watershed area of Yana and Lena, people move on snowmobiles to get a 2 kilo grayling or 3 kilo loach. In Lybylakh, located between the spurs of the Verkhoyansk Range. The weight of the grayling reaches 3 kilograms, and the arctic char weighs 20 kg.
HUNTING IN SAKHA REPUBLIC
Hunting in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) has been going on since the man first settled in these places. Since then, little has changed – there is still a lot of beasts and feathered game. More than a dozen species of fur-bearing animals, 6 – ungulates and about 20 – wildfowl, which live in the forests, in the tundra and mountains of Yakutia, are of hunting interest.
Hunters often meet such birds, as shoveler, black grouse, mallard, wood grouse, goose, falcated duck or pintail. Of fur animals, hunting is conducted on sable, muskrat, ermine, squirrel, polar fox, mink, hare, column. Of ungulates in the Bulunsky ulus hunter can meet a musk ox imported there from Buryatia. Northern indigenous wild reindeer are united in five local populations and one Taimyr. In the Olekma river basin, a deer is found. In the southern and southeast taiga regions – musk deer, and in the mountains in the east of the republic – a bighorn.
Hunting in Yakutia is different in that there are hundreds of kilometers of habitats of animals. So it becomes difficult and interesting to hunt. Hunting for wild deer, bighorn and moose is popular in Yakutia. Extreme conditions, especially in winter, presuppose knowledge of conditions and terrain, so visitors should better participate in organized hunting tours.
Bighorn is allowed to be hunted from the beginning of August to October 20. The northern wild reindeer and moose – two months from the beginning of September. They are stalked and hunted from approach or on the move on the stamping ground. A brown bear can be hunted with the help of gundogs for two months, beginning in August. Polar wolf is shot in spring, sometimes from a helicopter, from early March to 10 April. The autumn hunt for other animals and wildfowl is usually permitted in Yakutia from the third Sunday in August. Licenses are issued strictly in accordance with the allowable number of trophies for each animal species.
The organizers of the hunt in Yakutia undertake the provision of high-terrain vehicles. Accommodation in hunting camps, jaeger accompaniment, medical care, licenses and vouchers.
Among the most hazardous kinds of hunting is the spring and autumn shooting of waterfowl. You can hunt for geese. Ducks and scoters with hides and stuffed animals in May-June and August-September in the Usun-kyul area about 30 kilometers from the village of Suldyukar on the Vilyui river. In spring, the hunter waits for the ducks in the hide, and if there is no such place, 10-15 stuffed animals are placed at a distance of about a meter from approach. In the fall, ducks are hunted from approach. The geese are tracked from the hides with the use of stuffed animals at the same time, shooting a bird at the moment of its approach to them.
A polar wolf can become an additional trophy in case of possession of a license. It can be hunted in winter from mid-October to the end of March. The wolf’s spicemen reach a weight of 88 kilograms and are of a high order of intelligence. So hunting with the use of traps turns into a contest of the wolf and human cunning. Hunting for a wolf in Yakutia requires a lot of patience. Since a unit which has smelled a human can hide for days or even weeks. Hunters have the right to shoot at unexpected approach of the beast or when a wolf is caught in a trap. The wounded animal must be beaten completely. Missing or refusal to shoot while hunting for a wolf in Yakutia is considered to be its сonclusion.