Orenburg region is the southeastern end of the Volga Federal District. It is adjacent to Samara, Saratov and Chelyabinsk regions, Bashkortostan, Tatarstan and Kazakhstan. The total area is 123,700 km². The population is 2 113 thousand people. The territory of the region covers the south-eastern end of the East European Plain, the southern extreme point of the Urals and the southern Trans-Urals. The length of the region from west to east is 755 km, from north to south – 425 km. The total length of the border is 3,700 km. The administrative center is Orenburg. Hunting and fishing in Orenburg
FISHING IN ORENBURG REGION
Fishing in Orenburg region is carried out in a hundred flowing water reservoirs. The largest of them are the Ireklinskoye, Krasnochabanskoye, Chernovskoye, Kymakskoe, Elshanskoe, Ushkattinskoe and Sorochinskoe reservoirs, the rivers Ural, Samara, Ilek, Sakmara and Bolshoy Ik. There are 290 rivers in total, with the length of more than 10 kilometers. These are habitats of a pike and a chub.
Fishing in Orenburg region is also takes place on lakes. Orenburg region can be easily called the kingdom of lakes. Hundreds of large and small lakes stretch along the river Ural. About five thousand square kilometers in the east of the region are occupied by internal basin of the lakes Shalkaregakara, Zhetykol and Aik.
The largest of them is a natural reservoir – the lake Shalkaregakara with a coastline length of 96 kilometers and an area of more than 9 thousand hectares. There are such fish as crucian carp, mirror carp, ide, roach and etc. In the central and eastern parts of the region there are karst lakes, the largest of which are Koskol, Kopa and Oktyabrskoe. Crucian carp is the most widespread fish in karst lakes. The lake Linevoe, where you can catch a pike, a tench and a carp is also interesting for fishing, but the banks are so overgrown with reeds that only boat fishing is carried out on this lake.
All lakes of Orenburg region are freshwater and suitable for fishing, but in Sol-Iletsk district they are salted (Razval, Zhetykol, Tuzluchnoye, Dunino, Novoye and many others). Useful minerals, as well as tiny Artemia Salina maxillopods (an excellent bait for fish) are extracted here instead of fish.
In spring, fishing in Orenburg region has some restrictions related to the ban on catching on spawning pits (which include all river estuaries and some parts of reservoirs), as well as the use of nets, jammers and an unacceptable number of fishing rods (2 per person). It is also about permanent restrictions – it is strictly prohibited to extract ichthyofauna, included in the local Red Book. It includes Caspian lamprey, Russian sturgeon, beluga, starry sturgeon, sterlet, common bullhead, Volga zander, grayling and thorn sturgeon.
HUNTING IN ORENBURG REGION
Hunting in the Orenburg region is associated with steppes and hilly open woodlands of the Euro-Asian border. A dense (high-mountain) forest can be found only in the north of Tulgan district. Such species of wild game as Siberian roe deer, wild boar, moose, hare, fox and badger inhabit the region. On the other side, the population of brown bears, wolves and lynx becomes fewer and fewer here. The forest begins to thin…
Hunting in Orenburg region takes place on the territory of 8 large-scale public farms (their total area exceeds 11 million hectares). Local rules prohibit the use of any automatic traps and electronic devices that mimic the sounds of animals. Morning hunting for migratory gray geese, woodcocks, hazel grouses, coots and reeds is prohibited during spring season. There is a restriction on the use of rifled barrels of any kind.
In Orenburg region, hunting for animals included in the local Red Book – capercaillie, gray partridge, herons, storks and predatory birds, as well as squirrel, four-toed jerboa, saiga, mink, northern otter, marbled polecat, weasel and steppe cat is prohibited.