The territory of Kamchatka krai is located on the peninsula of the same name, and the lands of the Commander Islands. Koryakia District with the center in the village of Palana became a part of Kamchatka krai in 2007 as a result of the referendum.
So the region has replenished with the lands of the northern part of the peninsula, the Karaginsky island and a small part of the continent. Almost 300 of the 463 thousand square km of the region fall on the territory of the Koryakia District.
The territories of Chukotka Autonomous District and Magadan Region adjoin Kamchatka krai. The strait separates Kamchatka from Sakhalin. The lands of Kamchatka Territory are washed by the waters of the Pacific Ocean and two seas – Bering and Okhotsk. The region is 12,000 km away from Moscow, and the timing difference is nine hours.
Water resources of Kamchatka krai are practically inexhaustible. Fishing here is well under way in the Pacific Ocean, the Bering and Okhotsk Seas, inland waters. About 105 of almost 140 thousand rivers, rivulets and streams stretch for stretch for more than a hundred kilometers, and the number of Kamchatka lakes of different sizes exceeds 100 thousand.
FISHING IN KAMCHATKA KRAI
Fishing in Kamchatka krai has always been the leading industry in the region. Half of the region’s industrial production and 90% of its imports fall on the fishing industry. The catch from Kamchatka is more than 20% of the total fish production in Russia. These numbers unequivocally indicate the incredible fish stocks and their species diversity. The main riches of the region include salmonids – pink salmon and chum salmon, red salmon, chinook salmon and coho salmon, which occur in the seas and rivers during spawning.
Herring, cod, halibut, navaga, thumb and greenling are also produced on a commercial scale. Small, warmed lakes of Kamchatka krai please fishermen with pike and crucian carp, and sometimes with Amur carp. The Nerpich and Kurilskoe lakes contain the best salmon spawning grounds in the world. Part of the lakes located near the volcanoes, in their calderas and craters, does not freeze at all.
Many species of fish are found not only in lakes, but also in the rivers of Kamchatka krai, where fishermen will have an exciting fishing with the use of fly and spinning tackles. The rivers Savan, Utka, Oblukovina, Karymchina, Pymta, Plotnikova, Ozernaya, Kolpakova are the most suitable for flyfishing.
Tourists are delivered on some rivers by cars and helicopters. Such fishy rivers of Kamchatka krai include: Vahil, Kohl, Pytma, Bystraya, Zhupanova, Opala, Kikhchik, Ushatina, Karymchina, Danilina, Plotnikova and others. In rivers, in addition to passing salmon, you can catch a rainbow trout (mykizha), char and grayling.
The most desirable trophy of Kamchatka fishermen is the chinook – the largest fish from the local salmonids. The best places for its catch are the rivers Utka, Kolpakova, Sima, Pymta, Opala and Bolshaya with tributaries Plotnikova and Ushatina. The average size of the individual is 90 centimeters, but in the waters of Kamchatka it reaches 1.8 meters.
Sea fishing in Kamchatka Territory can be combined with river, underwater and diving, if you fish in the upper Vahil, on the eastern Kamchatka coast. Here you can catch a 150-pound halibut, along the way pulling perch and flounder by-catch, or get a 6-kg coho, 12 kg kunju or char, weighing up to 3 kilograms. What is more, a unique fishing tour can be organized in which fishermen can compete with the shark.
HUNTING IN KAMCHATKA KRAI
The fauna of Kamchatka krai is represented by the taiga, mountain and tundra animals. Bears, deer, hares, squirrels, minks, bighorns, rodents, otters, lynxes, wolverines, sables, ermines, wolves, foxes and arctic foxex live here. Marine mammals are represented by small seals or eared seals and big bearded seals. The region is rich in eared seals – sea lions and sea bears. You can hunt for six species of marine mammals in Kamchatka krai, including the insular seal, which is listed in the Red Book, but this is exclusively a privilege of the inhabitants of the Commander Islands.
The king of Kamchatka is the brown bear, whose numerous representatives do not exceed two hundred kilograms by average weight, while the largest individuals can reach 600 or more with an increase of more than three meters. Well fed and fattened by fish, it is a completely non-aggressive animal, very hardy, with an excellent reaction and coordination of movements, a perfect swimmer and a quick runner for short distances.
Some hunting farms in the east of Kamchatka organize hunting for a bighorn. It is carried out at an altitude of 100 to 1700 meters. The most frequent trophies are units from 80 to 110 centimeters in height. Hunting for a bighorn requires skill, physical endurance, experience and luck. About a hundred and fifty specimens are hunted per year. Hunting for a bighorn begins in August and ends on October 20.
The largest moose in the world lives in Koryakia district. Units exceed 2.3 in the withers, in length – 3 meters, and in weight – 700 kilograms. Their number fluctuates around 3 thousand. Hunting in Kamchatka krai for moose is conducted in the Bystrinsky and Ust-Kamchatsky districts from November 15 to January 10.
Wolves, wolverines, lynxes, foxes, sables are also of hunting interest. But their habitats are difficult to access, and populations are few in number. Tundra partridges, waterfowl, stone grouse are popular among the 50 species of hunted birds, but their shooting is allowed only for one week in May.