The republic of Buryatia with a population of almost a million people is located behind the lake Baikal. Occupying about 350 thousand km² of southeastern Siberia. Between Transbaikal region, Tuva, Mongolia and Irkutsk region. About 30% of the inhabitants are Buryats.
FISHING IN BURYATIA REPUBLIC
Fishing farms of Buryatia specialize in catching omul, pike, whitefish, perch, roach, taimen, grayling, crucian carp, ide, lenok. Goldfish and catfish, which are also the objects of fishery, have been naturalized in the reservoirs of the Baikal basin. Constant work is carried out on the reproduction of peled, whitefish and omul. The Yervano-Kharginsky lakes are inhabited by bream and peled, which actively reproduce. The Gusinoe lake is full of omul, population of which reached a scale that allows commercial fishing. Hunting and fishing in Republic of Buryatia
Fishing in the republic of Buryatia is interesting due to a great variety of species. It is inhabited by representatives of 71 species, 20 of which are caught on a commercial scale.
Species diversity in the Lake Baikal exceeds the number of fish species in other Siberian lakes in twice and is about six dozen. Fishing on Lake Baikal is conducted in the shallow part (depth less than 100 m), where omul and grayling fatten in summer, and other lakes of the Baikal system.
Ordinary fish is taken in the Posolsky sor, Istoksky Kotokel, in the Gulf of Proval, on Lake Rangatuy, in the shallow waters of the Chivyrkuisky and Barguzinsky Gulfs, on Lake Irkan, in the small lakes of the Kichery and Upper Angara basins. Of the eight fishing areas, six belong to the Lake Baikal system. In the Chivyrkuisky Bay fishermen can catch a 10-pound pike, and a 3-pound perch, omul, grayling.
Among the rivers of Buryatia, fishermen prefer Vitim, Yambuya, Golonda, Selenga, Golondokon, Turka. The objects of river fishing are pike, grayling, crucian carp, burbot, perch, dace, goldfish, lenok. In the rivers that flow into Baikal, for example in Selenga, one can find an omul. There also live taimen, grayling, lenok, whitefish, catfish, bream and pike. The Selenga with the upper Angara serve as spawning grounds for the fish of the Lake Baikal. For black grayling fishermen go to the Big Chivyrkuy. The Slyudyanskoe and Frolikhinskie lakes are famous among local fishers.
Fishing in Buryatia is free, but performed with vouchers. You can fish with any fishing rods, using no more than 10 hooks, and even with staked nets, subject to the rules of their installation and the size of the meshes.
It is forbidden to catch: sturgeon, nelma, pilot fish, tench, taimen and lenok in the Baikal basin and on fishing grounds. During the ban (from the ice breakup to June inclusive and from mid-August to ice formation) amateur fishing is carried out in the form of bank fishing or ice fishing with one rod and two hooks maximum. At this time, the use of any small boats is generally not allowed on more than ten water reservoirs. The rules also set the maximum size of the collected resources.
HUNTING IN BURYATIA REPUBLIC
Hunting grounds, occupying about 30 million hectares, are assigned to more than 40 enterprises and public organizations that host tourists and organize hunting in the Republic of Buryatia. In the region there are 85 species of mammals, and 348 species of birds, of which 260 nest constantly. Species composition sometimes changes, but on the whole it is very diverse and gives hunters huge opportunities for choice.
Hunting in Republic of Buryatia is conducted on mammals. And waterfowl game of thirty species, on upland game – of six species. Among fur-bearing animals, the most popular preys are squirrels and sables, among ungulates – roe deer, red deer, musk deer and wild boar. The most active hunting is in the Baikal area, in the Kabansky and Dzhidinskiy districts. A wild boar, a bear, a lynx, an elk, a roe deer, a gray partridge, a hazel grouse, a wood grouse are hunted near the Baikal.
The periods of hunting seasons are established by the decree of the head of Buryatia, therefore they may differ slightly from year to year. In summer, marsh-meadow game can be started hunting from July with dogs (retrievers, pugilists, spaniels) and hunting birds.
The hunting for the rest feathered game except the upland fowl starts from the third Saturday of August and lasts till the end of the year. The upland game is allowed to be hunted from the same date until the end of February. In spring birds are allowed to be shot in the central and southern districts from 25 April to 4 May, and in the northern – ten days from the beginning of May.
Approximately hunting for roe deer, moose, red deer lasts from early October to mid-January; for reindeer – from early August to late February; for badgers – from September to mid-November; for boars – from the beginning of June to the end of the year; for foxes and hares – from the middle of September to the end of February; for muskrat – from the same period until 1 April; for marmots – from the 3rd decade of August to the end of September; for sables and mink – from the middle of October to the end of February.
There is a running prohibition on the use of leghold traps on the territory of the republic of Buryatia.