The administrative center of Arkhangelsk region is the city of Arkhangelsk. The district centers are Severodvinsk, Onega, Novodvinsk, Kotlas, Plesetsk, Kholmogory. Most of the territory of Arkhangelsk region is the territory of the Far North with cold and prolonged winters during the polar night and short summer. According to the natural profile, vegetation and fauna – these are the zones of taiga and tundra, as well as the arctic desert on the islands of the White Sea.
FISHING IN ARKHANGELSK REGION
There is a dense network of rivers and lakes in the region. Almost all rivers belong to the basin of the Arctic Ocean.
Lovers of fishing in the Arkhangelsk region can enjoy this activity both in summer and in winter. Summer fishing begins from the middle of June, after the end of the high water. There are also exceptions, for example fishing before the high water. Some rivers are opened before the flood, caused by the intensive thawing of snow, in this case unique conditions are obtained: an ice-cleared river, a low water level and its sufficient transparency, an active fish and skiing or snowmobiling to the place of fishing.
After the ice melts in the marshes, such an opportunity will be lost. The air temperature during the day can rise to 15 degrees, the fish is kept in the shade of the trees, or under the fast ice. Such conditions are generally in April. The most unique is that it is possible to fish for a dry fly in this case, standing knee-deep in the snow.
At the end of the spring flood, the main season usually begins in the middle of June. In the middle of summer fishing is most productive at night, as the sun goes down for only a couple of hours. Fishing ends in October with the ponds covering the first ice. However, some rivers do not freeze throughout the winter, and fly fishing is possible in autumn or even in winter.
Winter fishing is successfully carried out in the forest lakes of Arkhangelsk region: Izhmerozero and Smerdie. There are no cold winds, and bream, scum, ruff, perch and roach can be taken.
Fishing in the local sea bays, primarily the White Sea, can lead to a big take. Here you can catch navaga and giant cod. Herring and catfish are also the part of the remaining marine ichthyofauna.
A common bull-head, a nelma and a sea eel are recorded in the Red Book of the region. The catch of the rest of the fish is limited during the spawning season (this is usually spring). In forbidden months, you can’t fish at spawning pits and take more than two fishing rods with you. It is forbidden to use enmeshing fishing gear, impounding net and fish trap during the spawning period in freshwater bodies of fishery importance in the Arkhangelsk region.
- Within the boundaries of the Kargopol, Nyandom, Konosh, Velsky, Ustyansky, Shenkur, Verkhnetoem, Kotlas, Krasnoborsky, Vilegodsky, Lena districts – from April 25 to June 8;
- within the boundaries of Plesetsk (including in the city of Mirny), Onega, Vinogradovsky, Kholmogorsky, Primorsky (including in the city of Arkhangelsk, Novodvinsk), Pinezhsky districts – from May 1 to June 14;
- Within the borders of Leshukonsky and Mezensky districts – from May 15 to June 28.
Administrative, civil and criminal liability is provided for violations of fishing rules.
HUNTING IN ARKHANGELS REGION
Hunting is very common in Arkhangelsk region, because of taiga and tundra game mammals, such as rabbit, brown bear, moose, deer, wild boar, fox, wolf, squirrel, marten, mink, muskrat, ermine and marten, as well as, such wildfowl as black grouse, wood grouse, hazel grouse, white and tundra grouse. More than 30 reserves with hunting farms are available, in which fishing and hunting bases are organized with experienced guides.
However, it should be remembered that there are animals and birds listed in the Red Book in the territory of Arkhangelsk region, such as polar bear, Novaya Zamlya reindeer, blue whale, Atlantic walrus, white-fronted dolphin, as well as, golden eagle and white-tailed sea eagle and etc. Hunting for them is prohibited. Several varieties of bats (brown horned fly, flying squirrel and Brandt’s bat) are also in the Red Book. Bittern, white gull, almost all hawks, gray shrike, red-footed falcon, peregrine falcon, hobby falcon and gyrfalcon are under threat.
The list also includes three breeds of owls, a pair of snakes, an osprey and even a white loon. Much attention is paid to the protection of mammals of the northern seas – seals, bogues and whales. That’s why a dozen islands (where they appear) are forever closed to hunting events. Most of the livestock of floating animals (rich in commercially valuable skin and fat) was exterminated in the old days.