EVERY HUNTER MUST KNOW

Hunting, as well as others types of outdoor activities, has never been supposed as a cheap entertainment. A relatively high cost of hunting is caused not only by a danger of turning a harvesting of animals into a mass activity, but also by strict safety requirements. Only in this case, the rest will be comfortable and memorable.

The cost of hunting includes  the delivery to the hunting site, provision of  the communication facilities and other details. Obviously, we can’t save on the  transport and communications, because in this case we would save on security. Also the price includes the services of jaegers, who are ready, depending on a situation, to act as experienced advisers, competent organizers or reliable assistants. Customers should be sure that their investments in a package will pay off with an impeccable organization of hunting and observance of safety rules.

Each hunter must know that in Russia it is forbidden:

the use of small-bore rifles and carbines for a long rifle cartridge for amateur hunting, as well as for hunting brown bears and wild ungulates;

extraction of wild ungulates and brown bears for amateur hunting, when animals cross through water bodies or with the use of self-made guns;

the use of pneumatic weapons, bows, crossbows, clinches, as well as trap trenches and rifle guns in the hunting field;

the use of hunting firearms unregistered in the internal affairs bodies during hunting;

the use of cannot nets, trap nets, doubles, wall tents for amateur hunting, as well as the use of any kind of chemical preparations (except for odorous baits), explosives, tape recorders and other apparatus that reproduce the attracting sounds for the extraction of birds;

the use of light devices for the extraction of birds;

the use of motor vehicles for pursuit hunting and extraction of any animal species, as well as shooting from all types of motor vehicles, except for shooting from floating equipment with the engine off;

collection of eggs and the destruction of nests of wild birds, destruction and digging up of permanent  dwelling places of fur animals.

In the process of legal hunting, it is permitted:

to partially destroy the muskrat huts and burrows;

to open any shelter of small fur-bearing animals;

to use small nets (straw stecks, scoop nets, etc.) with the direct participation of a hunter while hunting for small fur-bearing animals, foxes, raccoon dogs, badgers;

digging narrow wells to the  holes of the  foxes, raccoon dogs, badgers in order to help digging dogs.

After the hunt, the excavated areas of holes should be repaired and grounded.

The hunter is administratively responsible for:

locating in populated areas with a loaded gun;

shooting at a distance of less than 100 meters from living quarters;

participation in hunting or assembled weapons-bearing in a state of intoxication;

shooting at battue hunting round the shooting line, at which the projectile passes closer than 10 meters from the other shooter;

locating on any motor vehicle with loaded weapons (except for hunting from a boat or motor boat with the engine off);

transportation of assembled unsheathed weapons on motor vehicles, tractors, trucks and motorcycles, except for cases of hunting for wild ungulates.

Hunting with dogs

It is allowed to use dogs for tracing, pursuit and catching wild animals and birds during hunting. All dogs in the hunting grounds with a hunter must be inscribed on the hunting license or have a certificate of registration in the veterinary authorities.

Time limits of the use of hunting dogs of different breeds and the order of their training are established by local hunting rules.

It should be remembered that if a dog chased away a beast outside the hunting ground, in which the hunter has a proper hunting permit, he must be with an unloaded and dismantled gun, while searching and recalling a dog on the territory of another hunting ground.

Owners of dogs bear legal responsibility for damage caused to the state hunting fund by their dogs, except for cases of training, conducted in accordance with the established procedure.

Hunting for wild ungulates

Hunting for wild ungulates in the Russian Federation is carried out only under the licenses. During collective hunting the license should be at the person responsible for shooting (the senior command, the foreman). Responsible for the shooting is obliged:

to verify the correctness and completeness of filling all the graphs of the front side of the license, while obtaining a license;

to issue a permit for a shooting of an animal in accordance with the established procedure;

to check with all members of the team the presence and validity of hunting licenses and the permission of the internal affairs bodies to carry weapons before hunting and not allow persons who do not have the necessary documents to participate in hunting, except for candidates for members of the society of hunters and fishermen and members of the sections of young hunters ;

to make a list of hunting participants with an indication of the date of hunting, license numbers and tour number, animal species, surnames, names and patronymics of hunters, the number of the primary organization and the name of the district hunting society, where hunters are registered;

to instruct on safety and hunting procedures and ensure that all hunters sign on the list of hunting participants;

to fill carefully the reverse side of the license after the shooting of an animal and before its exportation or butchering;

in the case of an injury to an animal (blood appeared on a trail or other signs of entering), a note of the injury must be made in the license before commencing further persecution, after what a wounded animal should be extracted in one day, not including the day of injury;

in case of extraction of animals in excess of the amount established in the license or shooting an animal of an opposite sex, or shooting an adult animal under a license issued for shooting young animals to 1 year, make a shooting note in a license.

Along with other hunters, draw up an act on the event and transfer it along with the license and the list of hunters to the state hunting inspection or hunting administration. Organize the delivery of extracted animal products to procurement organizations.

Pursuing an injured animal, a hunter is allowed to cross the boundaries of a hunting ground and enter the hunting grounds adjacent to the place of shooting, having made a preliminary note about an injury of an animal in the license.

Time limits of hunting for wild ungulates are established by local hunting rules.

Hunting for a brown bear

Hunting for a brown bear in the Russian Federation is allowed only under the license. The order of hunting is the same as on wild ungulates. 2 days are allocated on the extraction of a wounded animal, not including the day of injury. It is forbidden to shoot female bears, having bear cubs of the current year of birth, before the hibernation. During lair hunting a hunter is allowed to shoot all animals, which can be found inside a lair, with the subsequent registration of licenses. Time limits of hunting for brown bears are established by local hunting rules.

Hunting for fur animals

A voucher is a necessary document for hunting fur animals for amateur hunting. And hunting for licensed species such as sable, river beaver and other. Also requires a contract with the procurement organization for the delivery of their skins. The contract specifies the maximum number of licensed species of fur-bearing animals that a hunter has the right to harvest during the hunting season.

The extraction of the unlicensed species of fur-bearing animals is not limited by quantitative norms. Is not regulated by the number of hunting days per week.

The administration of hunting grounds has the right to establish closed days for hunting for hare and badger. As well as the maximum rates of production of these animals per hunter for a day of hunting.

It is necessary to know that in case of unintentional extraction of a fur-bearing animal for which the hunter has no appropriate permit. In case of unintentional extraction of licensed species of fur-bearing animals in the excess amount of that indicated in the contract. A hunter must make a record in the contract about unintentional prey or overhunting. After leaving the hunting ground, hunter must immediately notify the employee of the state service of hunting supervision of the incident.

Hand over to the procurement organization the skins of animals subject to compulsory delivery to the state. In accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, squirrels, beavers, otters, ermine. Column, martens (wood and stone), foxes, mink (European and American), muskrats, foxes, wolverines, lynxes, sables, mandatory are subjects of compulsory delivery to the state within 30 days.  After the end of the hunting season for these species of fur-bearing animals.

Mole, chipmunk, citellus (except for yellow ground squirrel) and hamster are allowed to be extracted without a member’s hunting license and voucher. In addition, a year-round hunting for weasels and foxes is allowed for all citizens. With the use of small traps and other automatic traps in the territory of rural settlements (in household buildings and plots).

The exact procedure and terms of hunting for fur animals are established by local hunting rules.

Hunting for feathered game

Spring hunting is allowed for a duration of no more than 10 calendar days for a particular kind of game. In Russia, the following types of hunting are allowed:

hunting for belling wood grouse males during the spawning period;

ambush hunting for belling black grouse males during the spawning period;

morning and evening hunting for migratory woodcocks;

ambush hunting for drakes from the hide;

ambush hunting for geese.

The list of hunting types and specific dates for spring. Summer-autumn and autumn-winter hunting for feathered game are determined by local hunting rules.

Summer-autumn hunting for feathered game with the use of pedigrees. Spaniels can be opened for three weeks before the established general terms of hunting.

The administration of hunting grounds has the right to set closed days for hunting. As well as the maximum rates of extraction of feathered game for a hunter per day.

Since September 15, all norms for the extraction of feathered game are canceled. Except for places where mass migration of waterfowl takes place.

Hunting with hunting birds

The right of hunting with hunting birds in the territory of the Russian Federation is enjoyed by all citizens who have reached the age of 16 and are members of the hunter’s society.

A hunting license or a membership card with a note on payment of the state fee and a voucher issued. In accordance with the established procedure serve as a certificate for the right to hunt with hunting birds. Standard hunting rules in the territory of the Russian Federation allow the use of hunting birds between July 20 and March 1. Herewith the extraction rates and closed days for hunting are not established. Hunters can obtain permission for catching. Keeping hunting birds in appropriate local power structures.

Entrapment of song birds

All citizens are entitled to catch the  song birds in Russia. A permission issued by the bodies of state hunting supervision serves. As a certificate for the right to capture and trade  the song birds. During a season, an amateur is allowed to catch not more than 10 song birds of certain species. The list of species of birds allowed for entrapment and its terms are determined by local hunting rules. During an amateur entrapment of  the  song birds It is prohibited to use large stable traps. Mist nets, bird lime, sleeping pills. Electronic devices reproducing the sound of birds, small predators and owls, as well as any methods of catching at the nests.

Regulation of the number of animals that harm the hunting industry

The number of wolves, jackals, gray crows, as well as stray mongrel dogs and cats is under regulation throughout a year in the territory of the Russian Federation. The extraction of these animals without a use of firearms. Special preparations, as well as doubles and traps is allowed to all citizens. An amateur hunter has the right to shoot these animals for any legal presence with a weapon in the hunting grounds. According to special permits of the state hunting authorities. Hunters are allowed to shoot these animals throughout the year, using motor vehicles, small-caliber weapons. Traps, doubles, automatic net traps, tape recorders, and special preparations for their extraction in strict accordance with the instructions for their use.

Mongrel dogs, as well as cats that are found without owners in the territory of hunting grounds. For more than 200 meters from settlements, are considered to be stray. Hunting dogs, as well as other dogs that occur in hunting grounds with owners, mustn’t be extracted.

Hunting products

Hunting products include all products obtained from the extraction of wild animals and birds. Hunter must ensure the safety of the game meat. The hunter has the right to hand over the production to the appropriate organizations. The basis for the reception of meat, skins of wild animals, brown bear and deer musk is an appropriate tear-off coupon on license form and a membership hunting license. Skins of fur-bearing animals are delivered to procurement organization on presentation of a membership hunting license. In addition for licensed species, a contract on the basis of which the extraction of these animals has been made is necessary. Skins of wolves, jackals, foxes, weasels, moles, chipmunks, citellus (except for yellow ground squirrel), water rats, hamsters are accepted by procurement organizations without the presentation of a membership hunting license.

Illegally extracted products of shooting wild ungulates and brown bears must be delivered to procurement organizations. In the event that this product is used by a breaker of hunting rules personally. Or due to a breakers fault a product has become unusable. The offender must reimburse its value. Illegally extracted skins of fur-bearing animals are also subject to compulsory delivery to procurement organizations.

Responsibility for violation of hunting rules

Persons who have committed a violation of the rules of hunting. In accordance with applicable law, are brought to administrative, criminal. And to civil liability in case of the  causing damage to the state fund by illegal prey of wild animals. Public measures and disciplinary sanctions can also be applied to them.

Outrages of the rules of hunting are:

hunting without a membership hunting-fishing license or using an invalid lisence;

hunting out of the time limits for this type of animal;

hunting in prohibited places (reserves);

hunting without a license for wild ungulates and brown bear;

hunting without an agreement for licensed species of fur-bearing animals.

In addition, each hunter must remember that it is strictly prohibited to catch or shoot wild animals listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation. A list of these species that live in a concrete locality should be clarified before hunting in line with local hunting rules.

In case of damage to the state hunting fund, the offender is charged with the following amounts (in minimum earnings):

elk, red deer (European, Caucasian, maral, Manchurian wapiti), musk ox – 20;

spotted deer, fallow deer – 10;

roe deer, wild boar, wild reindeer, snow sheep, Siberian mountain goat, tur (West Caucasian, East Caucasian), saiga, mouflon, chamois – 5;

musk deer – 4;

sable – 10;

beaver, otter, Arctic fox, lynx, wolverine – 6;

marten (forest, beech), mink (European, American), kidus – 5;

yellow-throated marten, fox, raccoon dog, raccoon raccoon, corsac – 4;

weasel (forest, steppe), Siberian weasel, Mountain weasel, ermine, wild cat (forest, cane), marmot – 2;

muskrat – 1;

squirrel, flying squirrel, least weasel, yellow ground squirrel – 0.5;

mole, chipmunk – 0.1;

brown bear – 10;

badger – 4;

hare, wild rabbit – 1;

hunting bird – 0,6.

In the case of  the  damage of  the state hunting fund in the territory of state reserve. Damage is calculated in double size. For excavation of brood holes of badgers, foxes. Corsac foxes, raccoon dogs, marmots, otters, wild rabbits, as well as destruction of the muskrat. Beaver holts or beaver dams the penalty is collected at triple rate of claimed amount for a specimen of certain species. Damage caused by illegal extraction of species of animals. They are listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation is calculated at special rates.

Do not forget, that you can be prosecuted under  the Article 85 of the Code of the Russian Federation “On Administrative Offenses”. Or Article 258 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Article 85 of the Law of the Russian Federation “On Environmental Protection” for violation of hunting rules.