It is a cloven-hoofed mammal of the Caprinae subfamily, the Bovidae family.

The chamois is a very small bovid. A fully grown chamois reaches a height of 70–80 cm (28–31 in) and measures 107–137 cm (42–54 in) (the tail is not generally visible except when mating). Males, which weigh 30–60 kg (66–132 lb), are slightly larger than females, which weigh 25–45 kg (55–99 lb). Both males and females have short, straightish horns which are hooked backwards near the tip, the horn of the male being thicker. In summer, the fur has a rich brown colour which turns to a light grey in winter. Distinct characteristics are white contrasting marks on the sides of the head with pronounced black stripes below the eyes, a white rump and a black stripe along the back.



Chamois are curious, but very timid animals. During the day they rest, and for the night time they choose an open area. Chamois are dexterous and agile, during the run they can make jumps up to 7 meters.


In summer, chamois live high in the mountains, and by winter they move lower. Winter is the most difficult time for these animals. Because of the snow, it is very difficult for them to get food, and move fast, so chamois can become an easy prey for hunters.

In Russia, Caucasian chamois inhabit the Great Caucasian Range.

Methods of hunting permitted for use:

  • stalking,
  • using wheel transport,
  • ambush hunting,
  • corralling,
  • overtaking,
  • using hunting dogs

Permitted hunting tools:

Hunting firearm with a rifled barrel of caliber not less than 5 mm (but not more than 10 mm) and a seating distance of at least 39 mm (using a caliber of 5.6 mm for a rim-fire cartridge is permitted only for hunting musk deer); hunting fire smooth-bore long-barreled arms, including threaded length no more than 140 mm (only using bullet cartridges); hunting firearm combined weapons (smooth-bore and rifted gun), including with rebarreling and auxiliary rifled barrels; cold bladed hunting weapon.